Business confidence in Scotland fell 23 points during January to -32%, according to the latest Business Barometer from Bank of Scotland Commercial Banking.
Companies reported lower confidence in their own business prospects month-on-month, down 20 points to -27%. When taken alongside their views of the economy, down 25 points to -37%, this gives a headline confidence reading of -32%.
Around 1,200 businesses were surveyed earlier this month, with the overall ‘balance’ of opinion weighing the percentage of firms that are positive in outlook against those that are negative.
The majority (65%) of firms said current Covid-19 restrictions had caused a fall in turnover, but they expected the effects of the vaccine programme to boost trading prospects for 2021, with 52% saying the rollout had made them feel more confident about the year ahead.
However, only 11% expect trading levels to return to pre-pandemic levels in the next 12 months.
When it comes to jobs, a net balance of 28% of businesses in Scotland expect to reduce staff levels over the next year, down five points on last month.
At UK level, overall business confidence dipped in January, as the latest lockdown restrictions came into force, falling by three points to -7%.
Firms’ economic optimism dropped month-on-month by 34 points to -10%.
Fraser Sime, regional director for Scotland at Bank of Scotland Commercial Banking, said: “This latest drop in confidence has appeared against a backdrop of tighter restrictions being reintroduced in Scotland.
“Despite this dip, fewer firms report they are planning on making redundancies in the year ahead, the second consecutive month this has fallen.”
Almost all UK nations and regions saw a month-on-month dip in confidence during January, with the biggest falls after Scotland (-32% vs -9% in December) being reported in Wales (-20% vs -1% in December) and the South West of England (-8% vs 5% in December).
However, firms reported a month-on-month increase in confidence in London (up five percentage points to 3%), the South East (up seven percentage points to -4%) and North West (up eight percentage points to -5%).
In the industry sectors, confidence remained above pre-vaccine levels.
While some sectors reported declines, manufacturing slipped by nine points to 9%, services fell by four points to -9% and retail by five points to 6%.
Confidence levels in the construction sector improved for a second month, rising four points to -1%.
Paul Gordon, managing director for SME and mid-sized corporates at Lloyds Bank Commercial Banking, said: “It has not been an easy start to 2021, but nonetheless businesses continue to persevere and remain resilient in the face of uncertainty and change – the construction sector’s confidence improving for a second month and more broadly, industry and the majority of the regional confidence sitting above pre-vaccine levels.
“While the road ahead will be challenging, we hope the news of the vaccine rollout progress will positively impact regional and sector confidence in the coming months.”